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油價雖低 車廠仍往電動車前進

2016-02-17 13:06紐時賞析

Going Electric, Even if Gas Is Cheap

While U.S. consumers were taking advantage of low gas prices to buy trucks and sport utility vehicles in large numbers, some automakers delayed investing in slower-selling electrified vehicles.

But with increases in federal fuel-economy standards looming in 2017, car companies are hustling to bring out hybrid and electric models to help them meet the new rules — even though electrified vehicles make up only 2 percent of overall sales.

美國消費者趁油價低大買卡車和運動休旅車之際,部分汽車製造商延緩了對銷售較慢的電動車的投資。

然而,由於聯邦燃油效率標準即將在2017年提高,汽車公司正在加緊推出油電複合車及電動車款來幫助他們符合新規範,雖然電動車僅占整體銷售額的2%。

The federal government has mandated corporate average fuel economy of 54.5 mpg by 2025. But companies need to meet an interim standard of about 37 mpg by next year.

聯邦政府已規定汽車公司須在2025年前達到每加侖行駛54.5英里的平均油耗,而這些公司必須在明年前符合每加侖約行駛37英里的臨時標準。

Now, despite declining gas prices, automakers showed off a raft of electric and hybrid models at the annual North American International Auto Show in Detroit.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles introduced a plug-in hybrid-electric version of its new minivan model, the Pacifica, making it the first hybrid vehicle in the Italian-American automaker's lineup.

現在,儘管油價直直落,汽車製造商仍在底特律年度北美國際車展上展示一系列電動及油電車款。

飛雅特克萊斯勒汽車公司推出新廂型車款Pacifica的插電式油電複合版,使其成為這家義大利裔美籍汽車製造商旗下首款油電車。

飛雅特克萊斯勒汽車公司推出新廂型車款Pacifica。圖擷自Chrysler
飛雅特克萊斯勒汽車公司推出新廂型車款Pacifica。圖擷自Chrysler
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The Pacifica joined several other new electrified models introduced by other automakers at the auto show, including models from Ford Motor Co. and General Motors.

除了Pacifica外,其他汽車製造商也在車展上推出數款新電動車,包括福特跟通用。

Fiat Chrysler has been an industry laggard in the push for electrified cars, relying heavily in recent years on sales of Ram pickups and Jeep sport utility vehicles to drive its growth in the U.S. market.

The results, at least financially, have been stellar. Profits have surged and market share has expanded at the expense of Fiat Chrysler's rivals.

飛雅特克萊斯勒發展電動車一直處於業界的末段班,近年來高度仰賴皮卡車Ram及運動休旅車Jeep來帶動在美國市場的成長。

而其成效,至少在財政上來說,一直很亮眼。飛雅特克萊斯勒獲利激增而且搶下了對手的市占率。

But Fiat Chrysler's chief executive, Sergio Marchionne, acknowledged that his company needed more high-mileage models, and the hybrid minivan was a good starting point.

但飛雅特克萊斯勒的執行長馬奇翁承認,他的公司需要更多更省燃料的車款,而這輛油電複合廂型車是個很好的開始。

"The 2025 numbers are very high numbers," Marchionne said at a news conference. "You look around the show at all the hybrids and the electrification as being a solution to the rules in 2025."

Marchionne said the company would improve its average by continuing to improve the mileage of its conventional gasoline-powered vehicles, as well as by adding hybrids.

馬奇翁在記者會上說:「2025年的數字是個很高的數字。你看看展場內各種油電複合車,電氣化是因應2025年規範的辦法。」

馬奇翁還說,該公司將藉由持續改善傳統汽油車的油耗及增加油電複合車型,以提高自家車輛的平均燃油效率。

紐時賞析

精選紐約時報精彩報導譯為中文並刊出原文,配合賞析導讀,讓讀者除了學英語也能深入了解全球文化。

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