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紐時賞析/HBO電視劇《核爆家園》加持 車諾比掀觀光潮

2019-07-17 15:40聯合報 紐時賞析

車諾比核災遺址已成觀光打卡熱點。 法新社
車諾比核災遺址已成觀光打卡熱點。 法新社
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Chernobyl, With Helping Hand From TV, Becomes an Unlikely Tourism Magnet

電視劇加持 車諾比掀觀光潮

When a nuclear plant exploded in northern Ukraine in April 1986, Soviet authorities went to great lengths to control information about the disaster — even cutting off private telephone conversations when the word Chernobyl was used.

當1986年4月烏克蘭北部一座核電廠發生爆炸時,蘇聯當局竭盡全力管制災難相關消息,甚至在私人電話交談中提及車諾比一詞時,電話都會被切斷。

Now, in a strange turn more than three decades after the meltdown, the exclusion area around Chernobyl is gaining a following as a tourism destination, apparently propelled by the popularity of a TV miniseries about the blast that was broadcast in the United States and Britain last month.

而如今,在這起核爐心熔毀事故發生30多年之後,情況卻有了奇特的轉變,車諾比周圍的隔離區正成為吸引大批遊客的觀光勝地,顯然是拜上月在美英兩國播出、有關此一核爆事件的迷你電視劇集大受歡迎所賜。

The miniseries, HBO’s “Chernobyl,” fictionalizes the events in the aftermath of the explosion and fire at the plant’s Unit 4 nuclear reactor. It has been one of the highest-rated shows on the IMDB charts.

HBO的迷你電視劇集《核爆家園》虛構了第4號核子反應爐爆炸起火後發生的事情,而該劇也是IMDB(網路電影資料庫)排行榜上收視率最高的節目之一。

“The number of visitors increases every day, every week, by 30, 40, now almost 50 percent,” said Victor Korol, the head of SoloEast, a company that gives tours of the site. “People watch TV, and they want to go there and see the place, how it looks.”

“In May 2018, we had 1,251 visitors. Last month, we had 1,860 — a 48 percent increase,” Korol said.

提供參觀該地點行程的SoloEast公司負責人維克多.科洛爾說:「遊客數量每天、每個禮拜都在增加,增加30%、40%,目前幾乎是50%。人們看了電視後,想去實地看看、看它長得啥個樣。」科洛爾說:「我們2018年5月時有1251名遊客,上月有1860人,增加了48%。」

According to figures from the State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management, tourism to Chernobyl has been growing quickly over the past five years. In 2014, a spokeswoman said, the site had 8,404 visitors; in 2018, that number was 71,862. In May 2019 alone, she added, the site had 12,591.

根據烏克蘭國家隔離區管理局的數據,車諾比的觀光在過去五年裡迅速成長。一位女發言人表示,造訪該地的人在2014年有8404人,此一數字在2018年變為7萬1862人。她並稱光2019年5月,就有1萬2591人造訪該地。

Joe Ponte, managing director of Explore, a company that focuses on adventure travel, said that passenger numbers for the firm’s five-day Discover Chernobyl tour had increased fourfold since the miniseries aired in May.

主打冒險旅遊的Explore公司的董事總經理喬.彭特表示,該公司「發現車諾比」5日遊的遊客數量,從迷你電視劇集5月播出以來增加了4倍。

But as tourist numbers increase, so has concern about the behavior of visitors to the site of a disaster that was blamed for thousands of deaths in the following years and whose dire consequences for the environment linger decades later.

但隨著遊客數量增加,人們也開始擔心在災難現場的遊客行為,而這場災難發生後在接下來的年歲裡造成了成千上萬人死亡,而且它對環境的可怕影響幾十年後仍然存在。

Those misgivings burst onto social media this week when photographs emerged that were criticized for disrespecting the victims and the solemnity of the site.

在遭批不尊重受害者與該地點嚴肅性的照片出現後,這些疑慮也隨之在社交媒體上爆發。

One example widely cited was of a woman who shed most of a hazmat suit to pose provocatively in the ghost city of Pripyat, which was evacuated after the accident.

一個被廣泛引用的例子是,一名女性在事故發生後因撤離而成鬼城的普里皮亞季內脫掉大部分的防護衣,擺出具性挑逗意味的姿勢拍照。

The photographs prompted Craig Mazin, the writer and producer of “Chernobyl,” to call on tourists to be considerate to the memory of those who lost their lives or livelihoods.

這些照片促使《核爆家園》編劇兼製片人克雷格·馬欣呼籲遊客,要顧念那些失去生命或生計的人。

車諾比核災遺址湧現觀光人潮。 法新社
車諾比核災遺址湧現觀光人潮。 法新社
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文/Iliana Magra 譯/陳韋廷

車諾比蘇聯核電電影紐約時報

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