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落跑山友遭起底是「叫機慣犯」 消防局將求償150萬

紐時賞析/「非洲人全在這兒」:翻牆進入西班牙

2018-09-12 09:53紐時賞析

‘All of Africa Is Here’: Hopes of Climbing to Spain

For most migrants from Africa, the last stage of their trip to Europe involves some sort of perilous sea crossing. At the border in Ceuta, there is just a fence.

對大多數非洲移民而言,前往歐洲的最後階段涉及某種危險萬狀的渡海。但在西屋達的邊界,它僅是一牆之隔。

Ceuta (pronounced say-YOU-tah) is one of the two Spanish communities on the north coast of what otherwise would be Morocco, the only places where Europe has land borders with Africa.The other enclave is Melilla, farther east along the same coast.

西屋達是非洲北岸的兩個西班牙自治社區之一,為摩洛哥所包圍,兩地也是歐洲與非洲陸地接壤的唯二地點。另一個飛地是美利亞,在同一海岸,更向東些。

Here, all that separates Europe from migrants is a double fence, 20 feet high and topped with barbed wire, stretching the 4 miles across the peninsula and dividing tiny Ceuta from Morocco — plus 1,100 Spanish federal police and Guardia Civil officers, a paramilitary police force.

在西屋達,隔著歐洲與移民的只有兩道圍籬,圍籬頂端有帶刺鐵絲網,高20呎,橫跨半島4哩,將西屋達與摩洛哥分開,另外還有1,100名西班牙聯邦警察以及準軍事警察「西班牙國民警衛隊」的警察。

They patrol a crossing point that has come under growing pressure.

他們巡邏的一個過境點正遭受越來越大的壓力。

After Italy’s new government closed the door to migrants, efforts to cross into Spain have more than quadrupled in 2018, making it the No. 1 European destination for migrants from Africa.

義大利新政府對移民緊閉大門後,2018年,移民越界入境西班牙的嘗試增加了四倍有餘,西班牙因此成為非洲移民的頭號目的地。

In the week ending Aug. 12, according to the International Organization for Migration, 1,419 migrants reached Spain, compared with 359 to Italy and 527 to Greece.

根據國際移民組織的數據,截至8月12日的一周,有1,419名移民抵達西班牙,抵達義大利的有359人,希臘的有527人。

But the sea crossing to Spain, through the narrow straits of Gibraltar, is more dangerous than other passages, because of strong currents where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic.

不過,渡海抵達西班牙─穿越狹窄的直布羅陀海峽,因會遭遇地中海與大西洋交會處的強大海流,比其他路線都來得危險。

Through June, 294 migrants drowned in the western Mediterranean, compared with 224 in all of 2017 in that area.

今年截至6月底,已有294名移民在地中海西部溺斃,而2017年一整年才224人。

That has made trying to breach Ceuta’s heavily guarded fence an increasingly attractive proposition, a way to enter Spain without crossing the water. On any given day, young migrant men can be seen prowling on the Moroccan side, looking for an opportunity.

這使得設法突破西屋達高戒備圍籬的選擇,變得越來越有吸引力,它是進入西班牙的途徑之一,但不必飄洋過海。 任何一天,在摩洛哥的一方,都可看到年輕的移民男子徘徊,尋找機會。

As often happens, successful tries are made by what locals call “mobbing,” when hundreds of migrants surge over the fence in a large group. Salif’s group came on June 6, when 400 young men began climbing the fence at sunrise.

這是常見的情景,移民透過當地人所說的「圍攻法」,也就是數百人集體朝圍籬一擁而上,最後有人成功入境。沙利夫的這一團人是在6月6日行動,有400名年輕人於日出時分開始攀爬圍籬。

Two were seriously injured on the barbed wire, and hospitalized in Ceuta. Eight, including Salif, managed to get over, and were then allowed to stay in a reception center in Ceuta, awaiting transfer to the mainland.

其中兩人因帶刺鐵絲網而受重傷,在西屋達住院治療。包括沙利夫在內的八人翻牆成功,獲准留在西屋達的接待中心,等待移送本土。

There, they can apply for asylum, a process that can take many months or even years. Most will be turned down, and the deportation process is slow and difficult.

到了本土,他們可以申請庇護,這個過程可能費時數月甚至數年。大多數人會被打回票,但遣返過程緩慢且困難。

While people often do get hurt trying to pierce the fence, deaths are rare.

雖然經常有人在試圖穿越圍籬時受傷,但死的很少。

“All of Africa is here,” said Salif, ticking off migrants he has met from Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Senegal — and even some from Bangladesh and Pakistan.

沙利夫說:「非洲人全在這兒。」接著他點名遇見安哥拉、貝寧、布吉納法索、象牙海岸、奈及利亞以及塞內加爾等國的移民,甚至有些來自孟加拉、巴基斯坦。

And they keep coming.

而且他們仍接踵而至。

文/Rod Nordland 譯/王麗娟

移民西班牙非洲紐約時報英語能力

紐時賞析

精選紐約時報精彩報導譯為中文並刊出原文,配合賞析導讀,讓讀者除了學英語也能深入了解全球文化。

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